Monday, January 20, 2020

Cultural Aspects of Korean Boshintang :: Papers

Does Korean plan to serve Boshintang soup for the visitors to Seoul during the World Cup tournament? This is one question from an American to Korean English newspaper last month, condemning Koreans for eating dog as cruel abuse to animal. Some of the Western media treat Koreans as savages for eating dog meat and put it on the air as a most intriguing piece of news. As well, many international people who know something of Korea or visit to Korea always ask about this dog-eating. And then, how should we react to this issue? Should we scold them back for lacking of understanding others? Or should we really feel embarrassed about this old part of our culture and throw away like old shoes? Boshintang is apparently our traditional food habit, which can be irrational and not easy to understand for foreigners. But whenever Koreans were heard criticism or asked about it, most of them could not defend themselves or answer the question logically. We have to know that it is our responsibility to inform them the right view of thinking. I am here now to give some interesting informations about ou r eating habit to look at it in a new light. What we eat or not is patterned by culture. Some eating habits may seem disgusting to others who don't share the same culture. A sense of cultural superiority is wrong because every culture is a specialized adaptation of environment. Korea is very cold during the winter, so it was difficult to raise cattle a long time ago. Besides, bullocks were the essential farming animals that pull plows and carts. As a result, generally eating beef in Korea was very uncommon to people. So Korean started to raise dogs which grew well even in the cold weather and without special food or care to obtain insufficient nutrition. Many westerners think that dogs have been bred for centuries to be man's best friends or even family, and not to be livestock. But Korean concept of dog is very different. There are distinct differences between human and animal in Korea. Many Koreans even don't like living with any animal under the same roof of the house and get them their own home outside. As well, the family relationship has been very strong in Korea, so they don't treat dogs as pets in the western way. That's why Koreans do not have much affection for dogs, which is usually given to eat leftovers and manure traditionally.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Global Economic Crisis: Implications and Challenges to the Philippines Essay

This is a forum where we can wonder, what is really happening in our country? Mr. W.D. Hilton our keynote speaker discussed the possible effects of the Global Economic Crisis in the Philippines. In this paper, I will write some of the highlights when we talked about Global Economic Crisis. The primary target of the said crisis is the people. There are so many people suffering in crisis and covered by clouds of hopelessness. Is there any hope, waiting for us to a brighter prospect of life? There are so many problems that we are experiencing right now. For our country Philippines, the Global Economic Crisis really put our country at stake. There is a big probability that there are many fellow Filipinos will be put to the test; on how high are their faith and how strong they are in facing the Economic crisis as of now. As a citizen concern, there are so many questions that are bothering to me at this time such as, what is Global crisis exactly means? When will economic crisis end? How to cope with the global financial crisis? And, what would be the possible effects of Economic crisis in the Philippines? What is really a Global Economic Crisis means? Based on my own understanding, Global Economic Crisis is the situation where more than one country is affected by scarcity of resources to be needed enable to provide for all citizens globally. When you say crisis, as what the dictionary defined it as, a condition of instability or danger in social, economic, political or international affairs leading to decisive change. This definition implies that our country is obviously affected by the so called Global Economic Crisis. As what the symposium explained and emphasized during the discussion, it is visible to the eye that we are one of the most affected by the crisis because as a third world country, this is not impossible to happen. The hardest question that crossed my mind was, when will economic crisis end? This would be a difficult question that the answer is still unclear for us, Filipinos. Another question is, is the Philippine Economy ready to battle the Global Financial Hardship? In our status right now, we are still struggling for some very broad reasons such as, corruptions, poor leaderships and rich in stealing wealth from others. If we still continue this type of system in our country, there’s no hope for any survival in crisis. Our superior in the government doesn’t have any heart for the poor and the rich people are getting richer. As a democratic country, how can we fight for what is right when all that we have is the left over of the government? Global economic Crisis touches the people’s lives negatively in some other ways. Here is some example of situations that is occurring right now. We can’t stop the time from approaching to us and will surprise us that one day; there would be a downsizing in the organization. One of the main reasons of downsizing of employees is, the company cannot afford to pay their salaries anymore due to financial crisis. It is hard for the organization to motivate their employees well because of lack benefits and expenses for their compensations would be budgeted only. For those who graduated recently, it would be difficult for them to get hired because there are no available jobs for them or the organizations are not yet ready for hiring new employees. It implies that there is no assurance even if you are holding a degree. Unfortunately, for the undergraduates are more difficult for them to find a job because of no vacancies for them available. For the prices of products or goods in the store, the consumer will buy it by bundles or dozens because they are aware or expecting that there is a price hiking because of high demand of goods. This is also the time that only few consumers because only few people can afford for the expensive price. That’s why they are taking the opportunity to buy the goods as many as possible. For our fellow Filipinos in other countries such as the OFW (Overseas Filipino Workers) they are also affected by Economic Crisis in such way. Have you heard the news that there was a time that the OFW’s were forced to send back to their respective countries due to poverty. Of course, the foreign country will prioritize first their fellow countrymen before the other citizens while experiencing the crisis in their country. Lastly, for those who are my fellow students also got affected. Example of this, they are millions of students taking up â€Å"Nursing† because it is in demand this time. Without noticing it, that there so much rivals or competitors with that job, to the extent that they are only few of them got a vacant seat due to overflowing of graduates with that course. Because of the crisis, they are hoping to go abroad, but unfortunately, they are only selected and rare people has the capability or could meet the requirements in going abroad. So, where are they going? It takes time to wait for other demand from other countries. With these situations, it would really pull us down. We are almost poor in everything even though we are rich in natural resources. We just didn’t know how to use our natural resources wisely. Even in making wise decisions are very hard for us. Poor in leadership, has a big impact in our country that’s why we are suffering and experiencing these unwanted state in life. We owe USA with a big amount. We are still hoping to pay for it but, if the occurring of corruptions in our country; it would be difficult for us to cope up because if greediness ruling inside of us, with no hesitations, our country is slowly dying. To sum up everything, Global Economic Crisis is a big threat because we allow vulnerabilities and the threats to come. What would be the mitigating measure that we are going to use to cope up with the big crisis? I think truth shall always prevail. Our politics has a big part in our crisis right now. We should stress what should be stress out. We have to overcome the crisis this time because we are all accountable for whatever may happen.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Consequences Of Liquidity Crisis On The Interbank Market Finance Essay - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1712 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Interbank markets are the mean for the liquidity management and the transmission of monetary policy. Actually they work as the markets that banks use, to trade among themselves in order to remain liquid and meet their liabilities. Interbank markets function with two ways within the financial system. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Consequences Of Liquidity Crisis On The Interbank Market Finance Essay" essay for you Create order Firstly they can be used from the central banks as their median to intervene and enforce their policies so to configure the desired interest rates. Secondly, a well organized interbank market enable the financial system to effectively circulate liquidity by transferring funds from financial institutions that face surplus to those that are in need of liquidity (Furfine, 2001).Therefore, policy makers are in deep concern about any malfunction in the interbank markets, even more in the case of a liquidity crisis within the interbank markets. Their worries refer in particular in the patterns followed from the interbank interest rate, as the performance of the later represent the marginal cost of funding among banks. In the case that interbank interest rates rise, banks will face a higher funding risk and their only response will be higher liquidity hoarding. Banks will prefer to hold more reserves, being reluctant to any potentially risky investment through interbank lending to other ins titutions that will possibly be affected by an ongoing financial instability. This fact will coincide to the failure of the interbank market to function successfully by allocating funds within the financial system and will conclude to an interbank market liquidity crisis. In addition to these effects an increase in counterparty risk and asymmetric information will cause an adverse selection problem in the interbank market, resulting in even more higher level of liquidity hoarding and in a severe impairment of the market possibly concluded in its total break-down (Heider et. al. 2009). This view comes in line with Flannery (1996), who observed that even if policy makers are well informed interbank markets can fail. The reason is that, during a crisis it is neither clear to the market participants, nor to the central bank how to distinguish an insolvent from an illiquid bank. As a result its creditworthiness is doubtful. Implicit in this the lending bank itself is unsecure about the creditworthiness of its counterparties (counterparty risk) so is unable to diversify its interbank lending portfolio across other assumed illiquid banks resulting in refraining from interbank lending and thus provoking liquidity crisis. Interbank activities among financial institutions will be limited and financial intermediation will collapse. This inability of banks to obtain the funds needed to maintain their business, failing to remain liquid and meet theirs depositors demands for withdraws and borrowing will generate a credit crunch with implications for the general economic stability. Interbank credit lines allow institutions to cope with liquidity problems while reduce the cost of maintaining reserves. At the same time though, they expose the financial system to the risk of coordination failure even if all the banks that participate are solvent. The systemic risk that arises throughout the interbank transactions is capable of generating a chain reaction to the whole economic system triggered by the default of only one bank. Meanwhile, Freixas et al (2000) went further to the reasons that cause liquidity crisis, pointed out that liquidity needs that set in function the interbank markets are generated from the uncertainty the consumers have, in where they want to consume. So in case that the depositors of one location wish to consume in another location and think that there will not be enough resources in that destination then their best response will be to withdraw deposits at their home location. This fact will trigger the early liquidation of the investment in the home location witch with backward induction will make it optimal for the depositors to other location, imitating the behavior of the formers. The consequences of this series of actions will be once more, the malfunction of the interbank market in a way that a small liquidity shock in one location may spread to the rest of the economy. It can be reasonably argued given the recent literature that interbank markets played a major role in the last liquidity crisis. The financial markets turmoil in the summer of 2007 caused by a severe subprime crisis in the U.S housing market set the alarm for the experts to re-appraise the phenomenon of financial crisis, as the liquidity problems that were provoked into the economic system were profound have never been met in the past. The events that led to the credit crunch of 2007 might have started from the housing markets but the combination of trade frictions, expected liquidity shortage and increase in the credit risk, was that triggered the most prolonged depression of all times. A series of events increased the funding risk of banks which with their turn responded with higher liquidity hoarding that resulted in even higher interest rates. The majority of interbank activities are conducting through overnight unsecured lending where there is no need for collateral and since this is the safest option for a lender to solve its liquidity problems. Thus, overnight rates are very sensitive to illiquid situations and any problem in the interbank market is being reflected firstly in them and afterwards to the rest of the markets. In the case of the crisis of 2007 such effects were witnessed with severe increases on overnight bank rated lending activities for both secured and unsecured markets (Acharya et al 2009) The event of the crisis of 2007 in asset backed securities[1]within the housing markets, affected the money markets and the interbank market as well. Market participants pursued to higher yields and turned into more risky and high leveraged investments as a consequence of a prolonged peaceful period characterized by financial stability with consistent and low interest rates since 2003. These reactions increased the market liquidity and encouraged investors to take positions in even more risky assets as the increasing liquidity reduced the interest rates volatility. Meanwhile, commercial banks have already adopted the model of the originate and distribute providing the money market with a whole new range of assets. The idea of the model originate and distribute, was to securitize and sell the loans on the financial markets allowing in this way the banks that initially granted the loans to diversify part of the risk by transferring it to the counterparties and gain back liquidity for further lending. Normally banks create separate entities the so called structured investment vehicles (SIV) which are dependent on the banks that originate them but do not appear on their balance sheet. These tools are responsible for the diversification of the risk as it spread among other parties contributing in this way to the financial stability. Nevertheless these functions require an effectively and correct asset pricing system along with accurate risk assessment and proper management. Always under the assumption, that the procedure of securitization does not change the incentives for ex ante screening and ex post monitoring. Unfortunately in the case of the crisis of 2007 none of the above mentioned assumptions obtained Uncertainty concerning the condition of the structural investment vehicles, which relied on the assets-based paper markets as the source of finance, forced the banks to consider possible support of their subsidiaries. Since the exact magnitude of the losses was initially unknown, the banks assumed the worst and acted as if they were facing an impending out of low of liquidity. Such behaviour constitutes a deviation from the rational expectations hypothesis since it is impossible for all the banks to become short of liquidity when aggregate liquidity does not change. (Kempa 2009) In that case of the suspended withdrawals from some of its hedge funds invested in sub-prime mortgagebacked securities due to the inability to mark these assets to market. The result was a freeze in the market for asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP), which caused rollover problems for structured investment vehicles (SIVs) and conduits set up by banks as off balance sheet vehicles for liquidity and regulatory arbitrage purposes. As the ABCP liquidity dried up, banks took assets from SIVs and conduits back on their balance sheets. The resulting uncertainty about the extent of such assets that banks would have to take back on balance sheets, the magnitude of losses banks faced, and whether they had enough capital to bear these losses affected not just capital markets but also the inter-bank market for borrowing and lending activities. The average interbank market interest rate which is the tool of operational policy, increased especially for the longer maturities along with the increase in rates volatility. There was when liquidity hoarding came into the spotlight when banks in their attempt to satisfy their reserves requirements started to hold cash beyond the necessary level, a fact that blocked the efficient allocation of liquidity among banks. This precautionary hoarding by some settlement banks raised lending rates for all settlement banks, following a chain result triggered of contagion style systemic risk. Thus, volatility in overnight interbank rates affected immediately rates in commercial banks having effects to the rest of the financial system. As pointed in Acharya et al (2009) the subprime crisis of 2007 was partly triggered from the liquidity crisis of the interbank market which in its turn was a result of precautionary hoarding of liquidity from the financial institutions due to their insecurity about their ability to lend or to be lent in the future. According to sources from the Bank of International Investments (BIS) only in the United Kingdom liquidity hoarding increased 30% in the period right after the 9th of August of 2007. Brunneti et al (2009) suggested that the sub-prime crisis has created serious liquidity issues for the interbank market. Banks, unsure about the depth of the problems on other banks balance sheets, have simply not been willing to lend to each other without substantial accommodations for counterparty risks. To counteract the resulting lack of liquidity in the interbank market, central banks have been proactive in injecting liquidity into the system. Regarding the channel through which the liquidity crisis affected the interbank markets, the European Central Bank (E.C.B 2007) official statement is that: The squeeze in the interbank money market reflected the fact that participants in the market became fearful about counter party credit risks and they also hoarded liquidity in case of unexpected need.

Friday, December 27, 2019

Odysseus A Hero Essay - 1074 Words

When we hear the word hero, more than one idea comes to mind. Not only do we think of people that we look up to in our world, but we also think of heroes in the fictional world. To be a hero can mean a variety of different things. Leaders, singers, and even parents can be a hero that someone looks up too. But in the fictional world, a hero is someone who has learned from his or hers journey to come out a changed person. Some characters complete the journey, while others do not quite make it to the end. In The Odyssey, Odysseus takes more than one leap of faith on his journey to become a hero by learning from his mistakes, making personal sacrifices, and becoming a better man. After making mistakes, Odysseus realizes his wrong doings†¦show more content†¦Throughout his journey, Odysseus is put in positions that challenge him mentally and physically. Sometimes, these trials require sacrificing personal values and items before he can overcome them. Like on Kirke’s island , Odysseus makes a sacrifice very few would: â€Å"She will cower and yield her bed- a pleasure you must not decline† (X, 334-335). To free his men, Odysseus gives in to temptation not because he wants to, but because he is willing to put forward his self to get out them all out of this situation. Even though his men got themselves changed into swine, Odysseus’s courage and thoughts of home is what frees them from their curse. This shows that the son of Laertes will surrender what is his, to keep the people around him safe. In another part of the journey, his crew mates even ask him if he is â€Å"flesh and blood...to endure more of a man can† (XII, 358-359) because he tells them not to land on Thrinakia. But when Odysseus sees that his crew does need the rest, he submits and tells them to land. Here, Odysseus knows of the dangers and temptations that lay ahead of them if they land, but he agrees to it because his crew needs to regain their energy to continue. A lthough the outcome of his decision was fatal for his crew, his choice shows that he would risk their journey to keep his men in healthy condition. Near the end of the book, Odysseus makes another sacrifice needed to keep things quiet. He tells the old nurse â€Å"BeShow MoreRelatedThe Hero Of Odysseus900 Words   |  4 PagesRogers Some people think of a hero as someone with courage, determination, or someone that have risked their lives for others. Others think of a hero as someone who has outstanding strength and is clever. A hero, not only has physical strength, but also has mental strength as well. Odysseus, ruler of Ithaca, proves he is a hero by having all of these traits. Odysseus fights through hard times and overcomes obstacles, he kept his men together for most of the story, and he avenges himself whenRead MoreOdysseus Is A Hero?950 Words   |  4 Pagesmost people, Odysseus is believed as a hero. A hero is a person who is admired or idealized for courage, achievements, and noble qualities. In one of Homer’s classic epics, The Odyssey, Odysseus is admired by many people as a man who has intelligence, nobility, and confidence. However, women who both loved and knew Odysseus than anyone, thought of him differently and knew him in depth. Through The Meadowlands and The Penelopiad, Circe and Pene lope showed their strong opinions of this â€Å"hero† through theirRead MoreOdysseus Is A Hero?1143 Words   |  5 PagesHomer, The character Odysseus is one of the greek heros in this book. He is known as a great hero, because he manages to get through all of these dangerous mission such as : First odysseus makes it alive after travelling for ten years and facing different and more difficult challenges. Odyssey faces dangerous creatures and people. Homer have odysseus pass all theses task and missions to name him one of the great greek gods that ever lived . Some may say Odysseus is not a hero but why would HomerRead MoreOdysseus A Hero730 Words   |  3 PagesIs Odysseus a Hero? Heroes are often thought of as great figures that conquer evil, kill the monster, and save the day. Odysseus is often referred to as a hero. He is a strong individual striving to complete his goal, return to his wife and son and remove suitors that have taken his home. Although he is seen as a hero by definition and he appears to be one as well there are decisions he made that may not be truly heroic. In The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus decisions to value his crews life, andRead MoreIs Odysseus Not Hero?1706 Words   |  7 Pageshearts. Many people argue that Odysseus is not hero but considering the things he does through his journey his characteristics began to show a little of his heroic side. In The Wanderings of Odysseus from the Odyssey a epic poem by Homer, Odysseus is on his way back to Ithaca his home island after winning the ten year old Trojan War to come see his wife, Penelope and his son, Telemachus. The journey to home takes a very unexpected turn for Odysseus and his m en. Odysseus is challenged with many obstaclesRead MoreOdysseus Is Not A Hero1965 Words   |  8 PagesMerriam-Webster defines a hero as, â€Å"A person who is admired for great or brave acts or fine qualities.† For Odysseus to be a hero this definition is supposed to fit and describe him and his character, but why does this definition not describe or fit him and his character? This is because Odysseus is not a hero. Odysseus has done unethical things on his journey that makes him a person that should go unadmired. For example, when Odysseus ignored the death of his man in order to make more progress onRead MoreLoachus : A Hero : Odysseus As A Hero737 Words   |  3 PagesOdysseus is a Hero There are countless ways to describe a hero. A hero is someone who fights for what they believe in. They fight with their men and are determined to come back home. In the Odyssey, Odysseus is a hero because he is a leader, very determined, and is extremely skillful. Odysseus was a leader in various ways. He led his men through the Trojan War and many difficult challenges that faced them. Sometimes he didnt want so many men walking in on something unexpected, so he only took aRead More Odysseus: A Hero Essay1333 Words   |  6 PagesOdysseus: A Hero Heroism was not an invention of the Greeks. Yet, through the first hundreds years of their civilization, the Greek literature has already given birth to highly polished and complex long epics that revolved around heroes. These literature works gave many possibilities of definition of heroism. The Greeks illustrated heroism to obey the rules laid down by the gods and goddesses, and those who obey the rules would gain honor and fame. The Greeks regarded intelligence as oneRead MoreOdysseus: the Anti-Hero1534 Words   |  7 PagesOdysseus: The Anti-Hero Throughout Homer’s epic The Odyssey, Odysseus is a hero. In all myths and legends, a hero combats the â€Å"monsters.† In the typical story a hero is unselfish and fights to protect his people while the monsters are greedy powerful things that antagonize the people. Yet despite this typical storyline, if we read closely, we may conclude that Odysseus is actually the oppressive hero in many of these situations – provoking the â€Å"monsters† into fighting. The â€Å"monsters† in the OdysseyRead MoreOdysseus As A Great Hero869 Words   |  4 PagesTen years after the fall of Troy, Odysseus a great hero has yet to return to his home in Ithaca. It begins with Athena and Poseidon who helped the Greeks during the Trojan War. Athena turned against the Greeks and convinces Poseidon to do the same. The Greeks are hit by storms on the way home and many ships are destroyed and the fleet is scattered. The war and his distress at sea keep Odysseus away from Ithaca for twenty years. While Odyesseus was gone his son Telemachus has grown into a man and

Thursday, December 19, 2019

The Effects Of Haymarket Bombing On American Labor Movement

In his book Death in the Haymarket, James Green recounted the American labor movement in the late 1800s. The main focus of Green’s book was the bombing of Haymarket, which occurred on May 4 in 1886. Beginning as a peaceful protest promoting the eight-hour work day, a bomb was thrown causing devastating consequences. The Haymarket bombing almost ended the labor movement altogether, with unjustified trials and fear implemented amongst all Americans. However, it is important to know that the Haymarket bombing is not just an isolated event. From wage cuts to people going on strike, labor unions starting up, to almost losing the labor movement altogether. The Haymarket bombing was the fuse to an event larger bomb known as the labor movement. Although the Haymarket bombing is an extremely important event, it should be seen in a much larger context rather than an isolated event. The Haymarket bombing was an important incident in America’s history nevertheless, it falls under a much bigger category which is the labor movement. The labor movement was started because of the unjust ways that labor had on the working class in America during the 1800s. It first started out with wage cuts for the working class in America, which then led to an increasing amount of strikes. Then leading to the formation of labor unions, which is the people who were attending the meeting at Haymarket the day of the bombing. So if the labor movement had never started, then the bombing at Haymarket may haveShow MoreRelatedHaymarket Riot Essay621 Words   |  3 PagesTopics of Inquiry: The Chicago bombing during the Haymarket Riot caused uproar throughout the crowd. It was supposed to be a peaceful protest, but turned out to be an unplanned event. Many argue that the bombing itself did not help the cause, but I will be arguing that the bombing helped the eight hour movement. - How did this event occur? What led up to this event? - What happened to the protestors after the riot? - How did the event benefit the eight hour movement? †¢ Working Thesis Statement: Read MoreLabor And The Roots Of Progressivism1539 Words   |  7 PagesAnwar Khalid Professor Wegner HIST 124 11 November, 2014 Labor and the Roots of Progressivism The progressive era was an age of rapid advancement in social, economic, and societal values that shaped the United States into what it is today. The industrialization and subsequent labor reforms of the mid to late nineteenth century across the world helped to shape the United States and its entry into the modern world. Labor unions and the reforms they forced helped us to modernize and ethically improveRead MoreFailed Farm and Labor Organizations in the Late 19th Century1191 Words   |  5 PagesIn the period of 1870-1900, labor unions and organizations were rarely successful in achieving their goals primarily because of problems with being able to organize large numbers of American Workers. The rare victories for labor were isolated incidents because there were no labor organizations on a national or even state-wide basis. The problems with organization arose because of five major factors - differences in union leadership, divisions between skilled and unskilled workers, ethnic and racialRead MoreThe Palmer Shootings During The 1920s819 Words   |  4 PagesThe Palmer Raids In the 1920s, thousands of suspected radicals in thirty-three cities were arrested and charged with anarchy without evidence. The cause for their imprisonment happened to be an effect from the Palmer Raids. Numerous Americans felt the Palmer Raids were in relation to past disasters such as: the Red Scare, May Day, and the Bolshevik Revolution. In June 1919, several cities were bombed. Including the home of Attorney General of the United States, A. Mitchell Palmer. The raidsRead MoreThe Jungle By Robert Sinclair2080 Words   |  9 PagesThe Jungle is book that takes the reader in a period in time where the â€Å"American Dream† was the only thing worth believing in the daily job struggles of immigrants in America during the early twentieth century. What is the American Dream? It is said that any man or woman willing to work hard in this country and work an honest day is capable living and could support his family and have an equal opportunity to success. Although The Jungle was taken account more on how the meat production was disgustingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book The Texas Left 1022 Words   |  5 Pagesare studied on a broad note, which is paved to future research status (Cullen Wilkinson, 2010). The themes are well revealed by the editors David O’Cullen and Kyle G. The book proficiently explores the early efforts of the Black women, Tejanos, labor organizers and the political activists, which claim the rights of citizenships, recognition and livelihood. The era marks the reconstruction of the political Texas. The book gives an introduction to the history of Texas which is bowdlerized into theRead MoreEssay about History: World War I and Bold Experiments7600 Words   |  31 Pagesknow how to answer the following questions: 1. Why and how did American society industrialize during the late nineteenth century? 2. What were the causes and consequences of urbanization? 3. How did political change and progressive reform gain momentum after 1900? 4. How did the United States emerge as a world power by 1918? 5. What tensions between the old and new existed in the 1920s? The 1920 Census revealed that a majority of Americans (51 percent) lived in urban areas for the first time. Part 5Read MoreMidterm Review Essay9272 Words   |  38 Pagesexplosive economic growth during the Gilded Age EXCEPT: Question options: | a) | availability of capital for investment. | | b) | a growing supply of labor. | | c) | abundant natural resources. | | d) | low tariffs. | | e) | federal land grants to railroads. | | | 1 / 1 point | 2.) By 1890, the majority of Americans: Question options: | a) | worked as farmers. | | b) | worked as independent craftsmen. | | c) | worked in the mining industry. | | d) | were moving

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Rhetorical mode free essay sample

Rhetorical modes are methods for effectively communicating through language and writing. Complete the following chart to identify the purpose and structure of the various rhetorical modes used in academic writing. Provide at least two tips for writing each type of rhetorical device. NOTE: You may not copy and paste anything directly from the textbook or a web site. All information included in this assignment must be written in your own words. Rhetorical Mode Purpose – Explain when or why each rhetorical mode is used. Structure – Identify the organizational method that works best with each rhetorical mode. Tips – Provide two tips for writing in each rhetorical mode. Narration Narration is used to tell stories. Narrative writing typically progresses in chronological order. A plot summary can help with organization. Keeping the human senses in mind can help keep details strong. Illustration An essay that clearly demonstrates and supports a point through the use of evidence. We will write a custom essay sample on Rhetorical mode or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The thesis should be at the beginning, the supporting evidence in the body of the paper. Should use a wide variety of words and phrasing. The evidence should be appropriate to the topics and the audience. Description To make sure your audience is fully immersed in the words on the page by using sensory details. Spatial order, depending on the writer, descriptions could go from top to bottom or left to right. Avoid empty descriptors if possible. Use spatial order to organize your descriptive writing. Classification To break the broad subject down into smaller, more manageable and more specific parts. Organized by breaking it down into subcategories. Choose topics you know well when writing this type of essay. Make sure you break down your topic at least 3 different ways. Process analysis The purpose is to explain how to do something or how something works. In chronological order, step by step instructions on how something is accomplished. Always have someone else read it to make sure it makes sense. Always use strong details and clear examples. Definition The purpose is to simply define something. It is organized by context, the circumstance, conditions, or settings in which something occurs or exists. Clearly define what you’re writing about. Make sure everything is organized. Compare and Contrast The purpose is to highlight the similarities between two or more similar objects while contrasting highlights the differences between two or more objects. It is organized by introduction, body, and conclusion. There should be advantages and disadvantages. Use comparing and contrasting to find likes or differences. Comparisons focus on similarities and contrast focuses on differences. Cause and The purpose is to answer why are things like this? What is the effect, or result, of this? What is the cause of this? Explain how one event leads to another. Make a list of causes and prioritize them according to their significance on the effect. Put causes under main categories and explain them if you find too many interrelated information. Persuasion The purpose is to convince, or persuade, the reader that the opinion, or assertion, or claim of the writer is correct or valid. It is organized by intro, body, and conclusion. Remember to enter their world, provide the reader with compelling evidence. Write a 100- to 150-word paragraph explanation that demonstrates why compare and contrast is the appropriate rhetorical mode for the topic you chose in Week Two. Compare and contrast is the appropriate rhetorical mode for the topic I chose because I have two of the similar objects that will be compared and contrasted and also the differences of the two. I will be comparing and contrasting the two methods of losing weight, which are diet and exercise or diet pills. In the process of me comparing and contrasting the two I will be learning a lot about what I am in the process of doing which makes this project so interesting to me. I am sure there is going to be a lot of similarities and differences.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung and their view of human personality

Introduction: The meaning of personality Personality is a term that refers to unique, relatively stable aspects of a given character . Personality normally deals with a wide range of human behavior. To most theorists, one can conclude that personality includes virtually everything about a person: mental, emotional, social, and physical. It is worth mentioning that there are certain aspects of human beings that may not be observable.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung and their view of human personality specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These include aspects such as thoughts, memories and dreams. On the other hand, there are certain aspects which are observable. These include overt actions. In addition to this, personality also includes aspects which might be concealed to oneself. These are termed as conscious or unconscious aspects which are normally within our awareness. Theories of personality There are many theories which have been put across in an attempt to explain the nature of a man. It is worth noting the fact that there are four criteria that a theory of personality should satisfy: description, explanation, prediction and control of behavior. Human behavior can be considered to be quite complicated. In this case, a coherent and clear theory enables a person to be able to bring order out of this chaos. A good personality theory explains the phenomena under study. It offers answers to such significant questions as the causes of individual differences in personality, why people are different in their own right and also why other people seem to be pathological as compared to other people. To most psychologists, the litmus test of a theory is the ability of the theory to predict future events and behaviors among the human beings. A valuable theory usually leads to important practical applications. It facilitates control and change of the environment, for exa mple, by bringing about better techniques of parenting, education, or even psychotherapy. There are several theories which have been postulated in this light. These theories have been postulated by several psychologists who have attempted to explain the nature of man. In this case, we are going to be looking at two main theorists. These are Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. The Psychoanalytic theory Freud named his theory Psychoanalysis. This term is also used to denote the form of psychotherapy that Freud originated. In essence, this theory is based on the belief that people could be cured when their thoughts, which were unconscious, were brought to a conscious state and thus they were able to know what they were going through.Advertising Looking for term paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This was important because it enabled them to gain insight of what they were going through in the course of life. The main fo cus of this theory was to enable people to release repressed emotions and experiences. Psychoanalytic theory is a theory which is based on the concept that forces motivating behavior is derived from the unconscious mental processes. The common occurrence of perception implies that much of our personality is usually beyond what we can call our immediate awareness. Freud concluded that most of our personality which was largely influenced by our mental activity was unconscious. This implies that it cannot be called to mind even with great effort. Information that is not conscious at a given moment, but which can readily become so, is described as preconscious. The preconscious is considered to be closer to the conscious because it is largely within our control. Freud’s major theories of the mind follow. The topographic theory of the mind In this case, the mind is made up of the unconscious mind. This mind contains repressed thoughts and feelings. These feelings and thoughts are usually unavailable to the unconscious mind. In this case, primary process is a type of thinking which is associated with primitive drives, wish fulfillment and pleasure. This does not involve logic and time. On the other hand, the dreams represent gratification of the unconscious instinctual impulses and wish fulfillment. Secondly, the preconscious mind contains memories that, although not readily available, they can be accessed by the conscious mind. Lastly, the conscious mind contains thoughts that a person is currently aware of but does not have access to the unconscious mind. The structural theory of the mind According to this theory, the mind is divided into three parts. That is the id, ego and superego. The id is usually present at birth. This represents the instinctual drives that a person has. These include the sexual urges and drives. In addition, this structural component is characterized with pleasure principle. In essence, the id is not influenced by circumstances that might be taking place in the external environment at all. The ego begins to develop at birth. This component controls the id in order to adapt to the changes which are taking place outside the world. It is the component that uses reality testing in order to make sense of what is going on around the world. It brings a balance between the super ego and id in the course of life.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung and their view of human personality specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The superego is a component which begins to develop about 6 years of age. It is the component which controls the id. It is usually associated with the moral values and the conscience. The intra-psychic conflict occurs or takes place among the components of the mind. That is, the id, ego and super ego. This conflict is usually a direct result of behavior which might need justification in order to obtain balanc e. These conflicts at times lead to changes in personality as a person develops and learns to cope with the events within the environment. Personality development Sigmund Freud developed five stages which he argued determined how a person’s personality develops over time. According to this theory, when a child is born, his or her center of pleasure revolves on the mouth. This is associated with activities such as suckling, chewing and biting. From one to three years, the centers of pleasure shift to the anal. This implies that the child derives her source of pleasure through defecating. The third stage is the phallic stage; this takes place between three to six years. During this stage, the children derive sexual pleasure through stimulating their genitals. At this stage, the Electra and Oedipus complexes emerge. The fourth stage is the latency stage. During this stage, the sexual urges are rechanneled to school work. The child, at this stage, internalizes societal values and the environment where one grows. Lastly, there is the genital stage, this is marked by the emergence of adolescence. It is worth noting that according to this theory, when a person does not fulfill the demands and pleasures at each stage, the person becomes fixated. Some of these traits later emerge in adulthood. Application of psychoanalysis This is a therapeutic approach which utilizes various techniques in order to ensure that the client is properly treated. These approaches include free association, resistance analysis, transference analysis and dream analysis. These techniques are used to treat anxiety disorders such as phobias. In addition, these techniques are used to treat people who have depression. In this approach, treatment is a process which entails encouraging the client to speak and share their experiences. However, there is caution when it comes to dealing with transference and counter-transference issues when dealing with a client.Advertising Looking for term paper on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Psychoanalysis as a scientific theory The scientific status of this theory has been under scrutiny by many. This debate has been raging on. This is because the basis of this theory is on the unconscious activities. These are activities which are not empirical. Carl Jung: Analytical Psychology Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist, called his new approach Analytical Psychology. This was done so that he could differentiate it from Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. Like Freud, he emphasized the unconscious determinants of personality. However, he had a different approach to the state of affairs when he proposed that the unconscious consists of two layers. The first layer, he called it the Personal Unconscious, is essentially the same as Freud’s version of the unconscious. According to Jung, the personal unconscious houses material from one’s life that is within one’s conscious awareness because it has been repressed or forgotten. In addition, Jung theorized that t he existence of a deeper layer he called the Collective Unconscious. Essentially, the collective unconscious is a storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from people’s ancestral past that is shared with the entire human race. Jung called these ancestral memories Archetypes. They are not memories of actual personal experiences. Instead, archetypes are emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning. These archetypal images and ideas show up frequently in dreams and are often manifested in culture’s use of symbols in art, literature, and religion. Jung felt that an understanding of archetypal symbols helped him make sense of great concern to him because he depended extensively on dream analysis in his treatment of patients. Let us have a detailed look at this theory. Therapy Jung contributed much to this field. Key among his contributions wes the use of the personality typologies to foster understanding and reduce interpersonal conflicts, an d the use of dreams to enhance personal growth and highlight important aspects of the dreamer’s life and journey. Contrary to Freud, he believed that the person who had the dream was the most likely person to ultimately understand what it meant. He was always willing to work with patients to help them to interpret their dream. According to him, there was no right interpretation, however, believed that the dream was rightly interpreted when it made sense to the client. Jung’s religious upbringing and exploration of diverse religious perspectives made him be sensitive and open to spiritual and religious possibilities. Jung held the belief that the voices people hear in the dreams may not be of their own making, rather they came from a source which was transcending us. Synchronicity This was a term which was coined by Jung to explain the occurrence of events which seemed to be coincidental. He coined this term to refer to seemingly accidental life events that are tied tog ether by the meanings we give them. These are acausal happenings, episodes that do not seem to follow the normal cause and effect processes. One can almost feel the flow of the interconnections and sometimes even laugh at them. Essentially, Jung describes synchronicity in relation to his own etymological analysis of the linguistic unconscious of the term, finding the association with simple simultaneity. In this case, simultaneity as a term lacks the element of recognition that generates meaning due to mutuality of physical and psychological states. Synchronicity, in Jung’s case, created the impression that some simultaneous activities which occurred in light of one or more external events appeared to be meaningful to a person subjective state. Personality types Jung described eight personality types, each characterized by a predominance of one of the four functions, used in either extraverted or introverted attitude. According to Jung, people can be classified using the huma n mental functions, that is, seeing – intuition and thinking – feeling, a person’s attitude, which is, extraversion – introversion. In essence, according to him, a person’s personality is derived from certain dimensions which include extraversion and introversion sensing and intuition thinking and feeling judging and perceiving. When establishing a personality type, there is an acronym which is used according to this theory. This is the ISTJ which can be decoded to imply introvert, sensing, thinking and judging or ENFP which might be construed to imply extravert, intuitive, feeling and perceiving. This typology is used to determine the personality type. Personality structure According to Jung, the structural nature of personality reflected a redefined and expanded view of the unconscious mind. In this theory, the conscious ego is the center of conscious awareness of the self. The major functions of the conscious ego are to make the individual awa re of his or her internal processes, for instance, thoughts or feelings off pain and the external world that is, surrounding noises through sensation and perceptions at a level of awareness necessary for day to day functioning. Personal unconscious This is directly next to the ego and it is completely below conscious awareness, Jung called it the personal unconscious region of the mind. Its contents included all those thoughts, memories, and experiences that were momentarily not being though about or were being repressed because they were too emotionally threatening. In his description, he came up with a complex which implies a collection of thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and memories that center on a particular concept. The collective unconscious In this case, the collective unconscious was conceptualized as being transpersonal in nature. According to him, a person’s mind contains an unconscious region which is shared by all people. This region is usually developed over time and it is usually transferred from one generation to another. The principal function of this wisdom in the collective unconscious is to predispose individuals to respond to certain external situations in a given manner. This maximizes the development of the individual. There are several aspects which are associated with this aspect. They include the archetypes; these are universal thoughts, symbols, or images having a large amount of emotion attached to them. Their special status come from the importance they have gained across the many generations and the significant role they play in day to day living. For example, the archetype of the mother is an image of a nurturer. The persona is an archetype which develops over time as a result of the tendency to adopt the social roles and norms that go along with living with other people. The animus and anima are the aspects which bring out the aspect of being male or feminine. The shadow, on the other hand, represents the dark and the more primitive side of the personality. The self is considered to be among the important archetypes because is that which predisposes the individual to unite all of the other aspects to bring out an individual. Conclusion In conclusion, both Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung had a similar perspective regarding human personality. In this sense, they embraced the fact that the unconscious mind played a major role towards personality development. They also had a similar approach to treating patients in their approaches. However, their background influenced their differing views to a great extent. Furthermore, it is worth noting that the differences which ensued from their practice and theory had contributed a great deal to the field of psychology. References Ewen, R. B. (2003). An introduction to theories of personality. New York: Routledge. Sommers-Flanagan, J., Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2004). Counseling and psychotherapy theories in context and practice:skills, strategies, and techniques. New Yo rk: John Wiley and Sons. This term paper on Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung and their view of human personality was written and submitted by user Ava Becker to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.